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Renowned as the cradle of safari, Kenya promises extraordinary adventures for both newcomers and seasoned safari enthusiasts alike. As one of Africa’s premier destinations, a wildlife safari in Kenya offers unparalleled excitement and some of the finest game-viewing opportunities on the continent.

But what kinds of wildlife can you expect to encounter in Kenya? And where are the best spots to see lions? These questions and more are answered in this comprehensive guide to the wildlife of Kenya.


Thanks to its moderate climate and diverse range of wildlife, Kenya is a superb destination for observing animals throughout the year. There are primarily two rainy seasons, known as the Green Season, which may affect your safari experience:

– April to May (the ‘long rains’): Characterized by heavy downpours that can flood rivers and make dirt roads muddy. Some lodges and camps may close during this period.
– November to December (the ‘short rains’): Typically brief thunderstorms in the afternoons. Game viewing remains excellent, photography conditions are superb, and there are fewer tourists.

1. Buffalo

Known as Nyati in Swahili, the Cape buffalo is a member of the Big 5 and is renowned as one of Africa’s most formidable animals. Often considered one of the continent’s most dangerous creatures, buffaloes have a reputation for their unpredictable behavior and immense strength.

Where to Spot Buffalo in Kenya:
Buffaloes are adaptable grazers and are commonly found near perennial water sources in areas such as the Masai Mara, Amboseli National Park, and Meru National Park.

2. Cheetah

Referred to as Duma in Swahili, the cheetah is celebrated as the fastest land mammal, capable of reaching speeds exceeding 100 km/h (60 mph). Witnessing these sleek predators in pursuit of their prey is a thrilling experience on any Kenyan safari.

Where to Spot Cheetahs in Kenya:
The expansive and open landscape of the Masai Mara provides an ideal habitat for cheetahs, offering ample opportunities for hunting and utilizing termite mounds as vantage points.

3. Crocodile

Known as Mamba in Swahili, the Nile crocodile is widely distributed across Kenya, predominantly inhabiting aquatic environments such as lakes, rivers, and swamps. These apex predators play a crucial role in the ecosystem, preying on a variety of animals.

Where to Spot Crocodiles in Kenya:
Crocodiles can be observed in locations such as the Masai Mara, Amboseli National Park, and Meru National Park, particularly near water bodies where they lie in wait for potential prey.

4. Elephant

Revered as Tembo in Swahili, elephants are a common sight in Kenya’s wildlife parks, particularly in Amboseli National Park, where large herds gather around the perennial swamps and lakes.

Where to Spot Elephants in Kenya:
In addition to Amboseli National Park, elephants can also be found in the Masai Mara, Samburu National Reserve, Meru National Park, and Laikipia.

5. Giraffe

Known as Twiga in Swahili, giraffes are ubiquitous throughout Kenya, captivating safari-goers with their towering stature and unique behavior, such as the comical sight of them splaying their legs to drink water.

Where to Spot Giraffes in Kenya:
Different subspecies of giraffes, including Rothschild’s giraffe, reticulated giraffe, and Masai giraffe, can be observed in various parks such as the Masai Mara, Samburu National Reserve, and Lake Nakuru National Park.

6. Hippopotamus

Referred to as Kiboko in Swahili, hippos are commonly found in Kenya’s rivers, lakes, and swamps. Despite their docile appearance, hippos are among the most dangerous animals in Africa, particularly when provoked.

Where to Spot Hippos in Kenya:
Amboseli National Park, Masai Mara, Meru National Park, and Lake Nakuru National Park are among the best places to observe hippos in their natural habitat.

7. Hyena

Known as Fisi in Swahili, hyenas are opportunistic scavengers often found near kills made by other predators. Despite their negative reputation, hyenas play a vital role in the ecosystem as nature’s recyclers.

Where to Spot Hyenas in Kenya:
Hyenas can be encountered in various wildlife reserves, including the Masai Mara, Amboseli National Park, and Meru National Park.

8. Leopard

Referred to as Chui in Swahili, leopards are elusive and solitary predators known for their stealth and camouflage. While sightings require patience and luck, parks such as the Masai Mara and Samburu National Reserve offer opportunities to spot these majestic cats.

Where to Spot Leopards in Kenya:
Samburu National Reserve is particularly renowned for leopard sightings due to its unique landscape of arid woodlands and rocky outcrops, while the Masai Mara also offers prime habitat for these elusive predators.

9. Lion

Known as Simba in Swahili, lions are iconic symbols of the African wilderness and are often referred to as the kings of the savannah. Prolific in the Masai Mara, lions can be observed year-round, providing unforgettable safari experiences.

Where to Spot Lions in Kenya:
The Masai Mara is renowned for its large lion prides and was the setting for the popular BBC nature documentary series, Big Cat Diary. Lake Nakuru National Park is also known for its tree-climbing lions, a rare sight indeed.

10. Rhinoceros

Referred to as Kifaru in Swahili, rhinos are increasingly rare in Kenya due to poaching, though conservation efforts have led to population recoveries in reserves such as Lewa Wildlife Conservancy and Ol Pejeta Conservancy.

Where to Spot Rhinos in Kenya:
Lake Nakuru National Park and reserves like Lewa and Ol Pejeta provide opportunities to observe rhinos, though sightings require luck and patience.

11. Wild Dog

Known as Mbwa Mwitu in Swahili, wild dogs are among the most endangered predators in Africa. However, populations are increasing in regions like Samburu and Laikipia, offering rare but thrilling sightings.

Where to Spot Wild Dogs in Kenya:
Samburu and Laikipia are known for their increasing populations of wild dogs, providing opportunities for fortunate safari-goers to witness these elusive creatures.

12. Wildebeest

Referred to as Nyumbu in Swahili, wildebeests are abundant in Kenya’s wildlife parks, with the Masai Mara hosting the spectacular Great Wildebeest Migration from July to November, an awe-inspiring natural phenomenon.

Where to Spot Wildebeests in Kenya:
Masai Mara,

Amboseli National Park, and Meru National Park are among the best places to observe wildebeests, particularly during the Great Migration.

13. Zebra

Known as Pundamilia in Swahili, zebras are ubiquitous across Kenya’s diverse landscapes, with the Grevy’s zebra found in regions like Samburu National Reserve and Laikipia.

Where to Spot Zebras in Kenya:
Plains zebras can be observed in most wildlife parks in Kenya, while Grevy’s zebras are best seen in Samburu National Reserve and the Laikipia region.

14. Rarities & Other Highlights

Samburu Special 5:
– Gerenuk
– Somali ostrich
– Grevy’s zebra
– Reticulated giraffe
– Beisa oryx

The Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Laikipia provides a unique opportunity to observe rescued chimpanzees from West and Central Africa.

Different Ways to See Wildlife in Kenya

  • In addition to traditional game drives, alternative safari experiences include:
  • Hot-air balloon safaris in Masai Mara
  • Walking safaris in private conservancies
  • Camelback safaris in Laikipia and Samburu
  • Helicopter safaris in Samburu
  • And more…

Ready to Plan Your Kenya Wildlife Safari?

Connect with one of our Africa Safari Experts to tailor-make a safari experience that suits your preferences and interests.

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