Located in the Ngorongoro conservation area, the Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera and has often been referred to as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa. It lies in an exceptional geographical position, forming a spectacular bowl of 265 km2 with a heavily forested rim rising to 600m. The crater is thought to have appeared 2.5 million years ago from a large active volcano whose cone collapsed. It is home to between 20 and 30,000 wild animals including the highly endangered black rhino.
The Ngorongoro Crater floor consists of a number of diverse habitats that include grassland, swamps, forests and Lake Makat, a central soda lake filled by the Munge River. These varied environments attract a wealth of different animals that come to drink, wallow, graze, hide and climb. Although animals are free to move in and out of the contained crater, the rich volcanic soil, lush forests and spring source lakes on the crater floor mean that both grazers and predators tend to remain here throughout the year. This makes the Ngorongoro Crater a great area for game viewing.