Located in the Crater Highlands area, west of Arusha, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (809,440ha) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was established in 1959 as a multiple land-use area for both wildlife and semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists.
It is best known for its centre piece, the spectacular 265 km2 Ngorogoro Crater. This is the world’s largest intact caldera and is considered by one private organisation to be one of the seven natural wonders of Africa. The crater is home to between 20 and 30,000 wild animals, including the highly endangered black rhino.
The conservation area is also famous for its ‘endless plains’ of the Serengeti. It is also home to Olduvai Gorge, where fossil remains of the one of the earliest known specimens of the human genus, Homo Habilis, and 3.5-million year old human footprints have been discovered. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is an extraordinary volcanic landscape. It is rich and fertile, with lush forests, stunning craters and beautiful lakes, including Lake Makat, a central soda lake filled by the Munge river.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is also situated at a high altitude. As a result, the high altitude creates a malaria-free micro climate ideal for travelling in.